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How do you know when you’re ovulating?
Ovulation usually takes place 12-16 days before expected menses. During this period, the chances of conceiving is at its highest. If you have regular menstrual cycles of 28 days the time of your ovulation will be 14 days preceding the first day of menstruation. Most women are not aware of the actual ovulation, but about one in four get pains on the right or left side of the lower abdomen (depending on which side the egg is on). A sign that ovulation has started. Many also experience general swelling of the body during ovulation, when the stomach swells up and your breasts feel more tense than usual. You cam even be more sure when you have your ovulation by buying am ovulation test . An egg can live in the fallopian tube for up to 48 hours and the sperm for up to five days. So we can thus distinguish few days between intercourse and conception itself. The greatest opportunity for fertilization is between 48 hours before and 24 hours after ovulation. Sexual intercourse during this time, increases the chances of conception by roughly 30 percent.
How easily can you become pregnant?
Some get pregnant quickly, others will have to wait longer.There are several reasons why it varies.
The woman’s age is an important factor. Biologically a woman’s fertility decreases sharply after the age of 35. Various diseases may have affected the man’s ability to produce viable sperm and also the woman’s ability to conceive. It is often said that the chance of pregnancy is around 25 percent each month while trying to get pregnant and have intercourse at about the right time. Among the women who’s trying to become pregnant, only half become pregnant during the first 2-3 months. 80 percent become pregnant within 6 months, and about 90 percent within 1 year. 5 percent takes them over two years to get pregnant. The few who do not become pregnant after 1-2 years tend to seek help.
Find out if you are pregnant by taking a pregnancy test. They are sold at the pharmacy and you can test at home in peace and quiet. When an egg is fertilized, the hormone hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) will be released in the urine. A pregnancy test shows the presence of hCG in the urine, and thus if you are pregnant or not. You can use the test from the day you would have gotten your menstrual period. It is best to perform the test in the morning when your urine is most concentrated. Provided that the tests are performed correctly, they provide a 99% accurate result. If you choose to provide a urine sample at the clinic we can let you know directly if you are pregnant or not.
What is HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) ?
Human Papilloma Virus ( HPV) is a name of a group of viruses that affects your skin and moist membranes lining your body, for example ,in your cervix , anus , mouth and throat. HPV, is a common and highly contagious infection with over three quarters of sexually active women acquiring it at some time in their lives. HPV genital infection: HPV genital is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). The majority of HPV infected (men and women) are unaware, because they have no signs and symptoms.
What are the signs and symptoms of HPV infection?
In the majority of cases, HPV has no noticeable signs or symptoms. In 90 % of cases, the body immune system destroys all the HPVs within 24 months. It is impossible to tell who might go on to develop health problems including cancer. Certain HPV types may cause genital warts in both males and females. Some other HPV types can alter the structure of the cells in the body which eventually can become cancerous causing cervical cancer among others.
What are the cause of HPV infection?
The HPV typically enter the human body through a small cut, tear or abrasion on the skin. The primary mode of transmission is through skin to skin contact.
What are the treatment options for HPV?
HPV vaccination: Available and best given before starting sexual activity.
What is Pap smear?
It is a screening test for cervical cancer.( cervix = lower part of the uterus extending into the vagina.) Cells scraped from the opening of the cervix are examined under the microscope.
How to prepare for Pap Smear Test?
To ensure your pap smear is most effective:
1. Avoid intercourse, douching or using vaginal medicines, creams or foams.
2. Try not to schedule a pap smear during your menstrual period.
What is mastitis?
Mastitis is an infection of the breast tissue that results in breast pain, swelling, warmth and redness of the breast. You might also experience fever and chills.
Who does MASTITIS affect mostly?
It most commonly affects breast feeding mothers (lactation mastitis), although it can occur in women who aren’t breast feeding. In most cases, lactation mastitis occurs within the first three months after giving birth, but it happen later.Sometimes mastitis leads a mother to wean her baby before she intends to .
What are the symptoms of Mastitis?
Signs and symptoms can appear suddenly and may include:
1. Breast tenderness or warmth to touch
2. Generally feeling ill
3. Swelling of the breast
4. Pain or a burning sensation continuously or during breastfeeding.
5. Skin redness, often in a wedge shape pattern
6. Fever of 38.3 degree centigrade or more
When to see a doctor?
As soon as you recognize the combination of the signs and symptoms.
Your doctor will probably ask to see you to confirm the diagnosis.
Oral antibiotics are usually very effective in treating this condition.
Who should have a pap smear?
In general it’s recommended once the lady start becoming sexually active after the age of 21 and then every 2 0r 3 years. After age 30, the Pap smear is recommended every 3 years along with HPV test.
What causes Mastitis?
1. A blocked milk duct: if a breast doesn’t completely empty at feedings, one of your milk ducts can become clogged, causing milk to back up, which leads to infection.
2. Bacteria entering your breast: Bacteria from your skin’s surface or baby’s mouth can enter the milk duct opening. These germs aren’t harmful to your baby – every one has them. May just don’t belong in your breast tissue. That’s why you can keep breastfeeding with mastitis.